Germany’s ‘Zeitenwende’ is still under construction

Roderick Kefferpütz
4 min readFeb 28, 2023

When Russia invaded Ukraine, Germany painfully realized that its business-oriented approach to geopolitics and Moscow had failed. Decades-long criticism of Germany’s energy ties with Russia, and its failure to meet the 2 percent gross domestic product (GDP) defense target for NATO members, had come to a head. Against this backdrop, Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s Zeitenwende speech to the German Bundestag on…

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Roderick Kefferpütz

Advisor and Writer on the changing geopolitical and economic world order. (www.roderickkefferpuetz.com )